In this article from “The Journal of Spine Surgery”, a review of many studies is presented about the use of immersive technologies to train surgeons. Conclusions are very simple : these technologies improve skills BUT in many cases relance is low. The need of big scale study is clear.
The current scope of VR, AR, and MR surgical simulators in MISS and spinal endoscopic surgery was described. Studies demonstrate improvement in technical skill and patient outcomes in short term follow-up. Despite this, overall study quality and levels of evidence remain low. Cohesive study design and reporting with focus on transfer validity in training scenarios, and patient derived outcome measures in clinical studies are required to further advance the field.